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Boeing 777 Overview and Seat Map

About the Boeing 777

The Boeing 777, also known as the Triple Seven, is a prominent American long-range wide-body airliner developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Bridging the gap between the 767 and 747 models, it was launched in October 1990 and entered service in June 1995.

The first Boeing 777, the 777-200, went into service in 1995, followed by the longer-range 777-200ER in 1997 and the longer 777-300 in 1998. The 777-300, with its longer body, can carry significantly more passengers. Collectively, these three models are known as the 777 classics.

This aircraft typically accommodates 301 to 368 passengers and boasts a range of 5,240 to 8,555 nautical miles. It is distinguished by its large turbofan engines, circular fuselage, and advanced fly-by-wire controls.

As of September 2023, more than 60 customers have ordered 2,147 aircraft, with 1,718 delivered. The 777-300ER is the most popular version, having been ordered in 837 and delivered in 832 instances. The 777 has faced competition from various Airbus models and has been involved in 35 aviation incidents as of August 2023.

The Boeing 777 is part of a wide-body twin-engine aircraft family designed by Boeing, primarily used for medium-haul and long-haul flights, with a passenger Boeing 777 seating capacity ranging from 314 to 396 depending on the class-layout and model variant. The Boeing 777 family includes five active variants used for commercial flights.

B777 Brief History

In the 1970s, Boeing, McDonnell Douglas, and Lockheed introduced the first wide-body passenger airliners, including the 747, DC-10, and L-1011 TriStar. Boeing debuted a trijet 777 design and the twin-engine 757 and 767, two successful mid-size aircraft, in 1978. The 757 and 767 prospered as a result of extended-range twin-engine operational performance standards (ETOPS) requirements in the 1980s. These rules allowed twin-engine planes to make long-distance flights over the ocean, and the 767 found its niche.

The trijet B777 idea was shelved in favor of the 757 and 767 variants. Boeing still had a gap in its lineup between the 767-300ER and the 747-400.

As DC-10 and L-1011 aircraft aged, Boeing looked to create a replacement. In 1986, they proposed an enlarged 767, but airlines wanted something different: a wider fuselage, versatile interior configurations, short- to long-range capability, and lower operating costs.

By 1988, it was clear that a new design was needed. Boeing chose the twin-engine configuration for its cost benefits and engine advancements. In 1989, Boeing began offering the new twinjet 777 to airlines.

777 Plane Design

Boeing introduced significant innovations with the 777’s design, including digital fly-by-wire controls, software-configurable avionics, and a groundbreaking fiber optic avionics network. These advancements were influenced by prior work on the canceled Boeing 7J7 regional jet. In 2003, cockpit electronic flight bag computer displays became an option, and the 777X models, announced in 2013, incorporated technologies from the 787.

The 777 plane retained traditional control yokes, unlike Airbus aircraft that used sidesticks. The cockpit layout resembled previous Boeing models. The fly-by-wire system included flight envelope protection to guide pilot inputs within safe parameters. Mechanical backups were also integrated.

The aircraft featured a circular fuselage and utilized composite materials for various components, enhancing fuel efficiency and reducing weight. The wings were optimized for cruising efficiency, enabling higher altitude operation and fuel storage. Folding wingtips were introduced, both initially and later with the 777X, for airport gate compatibility.

The 777 aircraft boasted the largest landing gear and tires in a commercial jetliner. Six-wheel bogies efficiently distributed the aircraft’s weight and simplified braking systems. Triple redundant hydraulic systems ensured safety, and a ram air turbine provided emergency power.


777 Boeing Specs

Model Range (km) Length (m) Tail Height (m) Wingspan (m) Cabin Width (m) Typical Cruise Speed (km/h) Maximum Cruise Speed (km/h) Max. Fuel Capacity (liters) Empty Operating Weight (kg) Max. Take-Off Weight (kg) Max. Landing Weight (kg) Max. Possible Passenger Seats Typical Seating 2-Class Typical Seating 3-Class Crew
Boeing 777-200 9,700 63.7 18.5 60.9 5.87 905 950 117,348 134,800 247,200 201,840 440 400 301 2
Boeing 777-200ER 14,310 63.7 18.5 60.9 5.87 905 950 171,176 138,100 297,550 213,180 440 400 301 2
Boeing 777-300 11,120 73.9 18.5 60.9 5.87 905 950 171,176 160,500 299,370 237,680 550 451 365 2
Boeing 777-300ER 14,690 73.9 18.5 64.8 5.87 905 950 181,283 167,800 351,500 251,290 550 451 365 2
Boeing 777-200LR 15,200 63.7 18.6 64.8 5.87 905 950 181,283 145,150 347,500 223,169 440 - 301 2
Boeing 777X-8 16,100 69.8 19.5 64.8 (folded) 5.87 - - - - - - 350-375 - - -
Boeing 777X-9 14,075 76.7 19.7 64.8 (folded) 5.87 905 950 - - 351,500 266,000 400-425 - - -

Airlines Operating the Boeing 777 Dreamliner

A wide array of airlines from across the globe operate the Boeing 777 plane. Emirates holds the distinction of having the largest fleet of 777s, with nearly 300 of these aircraft.

Here is a list of some of the most popular airlines that are known for operating a significant number of Boeing 777 aircraft:

  • Emirates
  • American Airlines
  • United Airlines
  • Qatar Airways
  • Air Canada
  • British Airways
  • Cathay Pacific
  • Lufthansa
  • Singapore Airlines
  • Japan Airlines
  • Korean Air
  • Etihad Airways
  • Turkish Airlines
  • Thai Airways
  • Air France

Boeing 777 Variants

Boeing classifies its Boeing Dreamliner 777 models based on fuselage length and range with three categories: A-market, B-market, and C-market.

  • A-market covers shorter routes with a 4,200 nautical mile range for 353 to 374 passengers.
  • B-market is for Europe to U.S. West Coast routes, offering a 6,600 nautical mile range for 286 passengers.
  • C-market serves transpacific routes with a 7,600 nautical mile range.


The original Boeing 777-200 had its first flight on June 12, 1994, and United Airlines received the first delivery on May 15, 1995. It featured a maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) of 545,000 lbs (247 metric tons) and 77,000 lbf (340 kN) engines, offering a range of 5,240 nautical miles (9,700 km; 6,030 mi) with 305 passengers in a three-class setup. Primarily intended for U.S. domestic airlines, some Asian carriers and British Airways also operated this model. A total of 88 aircraft were delivered to nine different customers, with 55 in service as of 2018. United Airlines transitioned all 19 of its -200s to domestic U.S. routes in 2016, increasing economy class seats by adopting a ten-abreast configuration. Boeing ceased marketing the -200 as of 2019, and it was removed from their price listings.

boeing 777-200 plane


The primary distinction between the Boeing 777-200 and the 777-200ER (where ‘ER’ signifies ‘extended range’) lies in the extended range and increased maximum takeoff weight of the 777-200ER. Serving as Boeing’s inaugural B Market 777, the 777-200ER targeted international airlines specializing in transatlantic routes.

The 777-200ER, initially known as the 777-200IGW (Increased Gross Weight), was designed for long-distance flights, with a higher MTOW of 658,000 lbs and more powerful engines (93,700 lbf), providing a range of 7,065 nautical miles. British Airways received the first one on Feb 6, 1997, and it was used by 33 customers with 422 deliveries, all fulfilled by 2019.


The 777-200LR, known as the “Worldliner,” debuted in 2006, setting records for long-haul flights. With a maximum range of 8,555 nautical miles, it was designed for ultra-long-haul routes like Los Angeles to Singapore. It boasts features like increased MTOW, auxiliary fuel tanks, raked wingtips, and GE90-110B1 or GE90-115B engines. In total, 61 aircraft were delivered to 12 different customers, with Emirates operating the most at 10.


Introduced at the 1995 Paris Air Show, the Boeing B777 major assembly began in 1997. Designed for expansion, it could add up to 60 seats for a total of 370 in tri-class or even more in two classes. This 33-ft stretch was accomplished by modifying fuselage frames. It has a range of 6,005 nautical miles with 368 passengers. A total of 60 -300 aircraft were delivered to eight customers, 48 of which were in service in 2018. The last -300 was delivered in 2006, while the longer-range -300ER began deliveries in 2004.


The 777-300ER, or “ER” for Extended Range, offers a range of 7,370 nautical miles with 396 passengers in a two-class layout. It features enhanced wingtips, a strengthened body, and modified landing gear, powered by the GE90-115B, the world’s most powerful jet engine. Launched in 2004, it has become the best-selling 777 jet variant.

777 Freighter

The 777 Freighter (777F) shares commonalities with the -200LR, including the airframe, engines, and fuel capacity. It can carry a maximum payload of 228,700 lbs and has a range of 9,750 nautical miles. The 777F offers enhanced features, such as a dedicated supernumerary area with business-class seats, making it an economical choice for airlines replacing older freighters. Air France received the first 777F in 2009. By April 2021, 247 freighters were ordered by 25 customers, with 202 in operation as of 2018.

777-300ER Special Freighter (SF)

In 2018, Boeing considered converting 777-300ERs for lighter cargo. In October 2019, Boeing and IAI launched a program to turn passenger 777-300ERs into cargo planes. IAI converted its first in June 2020, with Kalitta Air as the launch operator in 2023. The converted planes can carry up to 224,000 pounds of cargo and fly up to 4,500 nautical miles, offering more space than regular 777F planes. By March 2023, IAI had completed the first flight of a converted 777-300ER with orders for over 60.


The 777X, introduced in November 2013, boasts new GE9X engines and composite wings with folding wingtips. It has two models: the 777-8 (384 passengers, 8,730 nautical miles range) and the 777-9 (426 passengers, 7,285 nautical miles range). The 777-9 first flew in January 2020, with deliveries initially expected in 2022 or 2023, later pushed to 2025. Boeing has also considered a longer 777-10X, 777X Freighter, and 777X BBJ versions.

Boeing 777 Seat Map

Boeing 777 seat map

The Boeing 777 seating configuration, including seat count and arrangement, can differ. Therefore, the seating arrangement in a Boeing 777 is determined by the aircraft’s layout, which, in turn, is influenced by the airline’s preferences. In cases where the airline doesn’t segment the cabin into classes, it can hold as many as 550 passengers. However, when configured with three classes, the passenger capacity on board can vary, accommodating at least 305 individuals or more based on the airline’s specifications.

On our website, we offer a comprehensive collection of Boeing 777 seating chart variants operated by different airlines. These 777 seating plans provide travelers with valuable information about the seating arrangements, helping them make informed decisions about their seat selection. Whether you’re flying with a major airline or a regional carrier, our seat maps are designed to assist you in choosing the most suitable and comfortable seat for your journey.


Boeing 777 First Class provides the epitome of luxury and comfort for travelers seeking a premium flying experience. Typically found at the front of the aircraft, these First Class cabins offer a select number of spacious and private seats.

First Class seats on the 777 seat map are designed to ensure the utmost comfort during the journey. They are often equipped with fully-reclining beds, allowing passengers to enjoy a restful sleep during long-haul flights. The seating configuration is typically arranged in a 1-2-1 or 1-2-2 layout, ensuring every passenger has direct aisle access. The Boeing 777 seats also offer ample legroom and generous personal space.

In-flight entertainment in First Class is top-notch, with large high-definition screens, noise-canceling headphones, and an extensive selection of movies, music, and TV shows. Passengers can also enjoy gourmet meals, fine wines, and a range of exclusive amenities.

Boeing 777 First class
Boeing 777 Business class


Boeing 777 Business Class offers a comfortable and convenient flying experience for travelers who want to balance comfort with practicality. Typically situated in the middle section of the aircraft, these Business Class cabins provide a spacious and reclining seat arrangement.

Business Class 777 seating is designed with passengers’ comfort in mind. They often offer seats that recline to a near-horizontal position, allowing for a more relaxed journey, especially on long-haul flights. Seating configurations are typically arranged in a 2-3-2 or 2-4-2 layout, ensuring that most passengers have access to the aisle. These seats are equipped with personal entertainment screens, noise-canceling headphones, and a variety of entertainment options.

In terms of dining, passengers occupying the 777 Business Class seats can enjoy a selection of quality meals and beverages. Passengers can also expect an array of amenities designed to enhance their travel experience.


Seating on a 777 Economy Class is a practical and cost-effective choice for travelers seeking a comfortable flying experience without the frills of premium cabins. Positioned towards the rear of the aircraft, these cabins are designed to accommodate a larger number of passengers while still providing a decent level of comfort.

Economy Class seats on the 777 seating chart are configured in rows with a typical 3-3-3 or 3-4-3 layout, providing an affordable yet snug seating arrangement. While they may not recline as much as those in premium classes, they still offer adequate comfort for passengers on shorter to medium-haul flights. Each seat is equipped with a personal entertainment screen, allowing travelers to enjoy a selection of movies, music, and TV shows.

In-flight dining options in B 777 Economy Class often include standard meals and beverages. Passengers can also purchase snacks and drinks during the flight.

Boeing 777 Economy class